Ivan Dimitrovich Poliakov was a politician in Novy Odense. He was running for mayor of the town against the mayor at the time when Lee Scoresby arrived on the island. He had a daughter, Olga Poliakova.
On 14 April 1962, Poliakov made a speech at the Novy Odense town hall as part of his campaign to become mayor in the upcoming elections. Ostensibly, his policy was the ostracism of the panserbjørne from the town.
Poliakov was a heavy-bearded, red-cheeked man.