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The addition of information into articles must be referenced to maintain the integrity of the HDM Wiki. Because of the "in-universe" POV used in articles, references must be made by putting the source of the information between reference tags (<ref>source</ref>). The His Dark Materials Wiki is not a publisher of original thought (opinions, experiences, arguments, etc.). For information to be included in the HDM Wiki, the information must be attributable to a reliable published source.

Although everything on the HDM Wiki must be attributable, in practice not all material is attributed. Editors need only provide attribution for material that is challenged or likely to be challenged, or it may be removed. The burden of evidence lies with the editor wishing to add or retain the material. If an article topic has no reliable sources, the HDM Wiki should not have an article on it. The following guidelines should be used when adding or editing information to the Wiki.


No original researchEdit

Original research refers to material that is not attributable to a reliable, published source. This includes unpublished facts, arguments, ideas, statements, and neologisms; and any unpublished analysis or synthesis of published material that appears to advance a position. Material added to articles must be directly and explicitly supported by the cited sources.

Material counts as original research if it:

  • introduces a theory, speculation, or any other original idea;
  • defines or introduces new terms (neologisms), or provides new definitions of existing terms;
  • introduces an argument without citing a reliable source who has made that argument in relation to the topic of the article;


  • introduces an analysis or synthesis of published facts, opinions, or arguments without attributing that analysis or synthesis to a reliable source who has published the material in relation to the topic of the article.

Reliable sourcesEdit

Any in-universe articles must be based on canonical sources. For out-of-universe articles and trivia material, the situation is more complicated.

Generally, reliable sources are credible published materials with a reliable publication process; their authors are generally regarded as trustworthy or authoritative in relation to the subject at hand. As a rule of thumb, the more people engaged in checking facts, analyzing legal issues, and scrutinizing the writing, the more reliable the publication. How reliable a source is depends on context; what is reliable in one topic may not be in another.


English-language sources should be used whenever possible, because this is the English His Dark Materials Wiki. Sources in other languages are acceptable if no English equivalents have been found. Published translations are preferred to editors' translations; when editors use their own translations, the original-language material should be provided too, preferably in a footnote, so that readers can check the translation for themselves.



Stylistically, reference tags should be placed after the punctuation mark at the end of a statement. If an entire paragraph has information all found in one place, the reference can be added after the last sentence of that paragraph, as opposed to adding references to every sentence.

Reference namingEdit

To utilize reference names to the fullest extent, using the <ref name="source name">source</ref> tags is preferred over using the regular <ref>source</ref>. When naming a reference that is not directly from one of the source-specific references described below, use a short phrase.

Multiple insertion of the same referenceEdit

If you need to use the same reference later in the article, just use <ref name="source name"/> for every instance it comes up after the initial reference naming.

Producing the reference listEdit

Most importantly, add the {{reflist}} at the end of an article under a "Notes and references" (if notes have been added) or (if not) "References" heading. This code will automatically display the reference list, showing nearly everything tagged with ref tags.

Source-specific referencesEdit

HDM and/or film referencesEdit

When referencing one of the books in the His Dark Materials series, or when referencing The Golden Compass film or the His Dark Materials TV series, you should use the {{Ref}} template.

Other book referencesEdit

When referencing information found in books not part of the His Dark Materials series, you should use the {{Cite book}} template.

Unreferenced informationEdit

If you see an article with unreferenced information, please add the {{verify}} tag to the top of the page. Any edits made without references can be reverted indefinitely and without warning, so please reference information.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.